Rimarrete impressionati da questa testimonianza del patrimonio storico legata alla deportazione francese e alle condizioni dei detenuti. Al Forte Teremba gli edifici restaurati vi trasporteranno in un'altra epoca, al tempo della vita nel centro penitenziario. Una visita piena di emozioni per conoscere un capitolo della storia della Nuova Caledonia.

 

 

Quando cominciarono i lavori di costruzione del Forte Teremba nel 1871, nessuno avrebbe potuto immaginare il destino singolare che questo luogo avrebbe avuto. Questa cittadella è effettivamente diventata una vera e propria testimonianza storica dell’epoca coloniale che ospita ogni anno migliaia di visitatori.

Luogo della memoria

A un’ora e mezza da Nouméa, il comune di Moindou ospita il celebre Forte Teremba, a strapiombo sul mare. Questo antico centro penitenziario e quartier generale dell’esercito francese si estende su una superficie di 11 ettari, proponendo una panoramica della vita penitenziaria in Nuova Caledonia. Un vero e proprio museo a cielo aperto, ufficialmente riconosciuto nel 1989 tra i monumenti storici. 

Costruito lungo la baia di Uarai, il forte militare e penitenziario fu costruito su decisione del governatore dell’epoca, Gaultier de la Richerie. Il nome Teremba deriva dall’omonima isoletta situata al centro della baia di Uarai. Destinato a divenire centro penitenziario e amministrativo del vasto territorio che comprendeva La Foa-Farino_Moindou, Teremba accolse tra le sue mura anche detenuti provenienti dalla Francia, uomini e donne colpevoli di crimini o delitti legati al diritto comune.

Divenuto un vero e proprio centro di riferimento per il patrimonio penitenziario e militare, il Forte Téremba accoglie ormai numerosi turisti ogni anno, senza contare le migliaia di studenti che vi si recano per conoscere da vicino la storia locale.

Un luogo storico

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  • Fort Teremba in Moindou

    At the heart of the 1878 revolt

    Depending on their sentences or conduct, convicts received a plot of land to resettle in New Caledonia, at the expense of the Melanesians. The anger of the dispossessed mounted, exploding in the Kanak revolt of 1878, led by the legendary chief Atai. Téremba came under siege, but was never taken. The centre was reinforced by the construction of a fort in the penal colony. This story is told in part by the permanent exhibition that is now installed inside the fort.

  • Fort Teremba in Moindou

    A permanent exhibition

    Depending on their sentences or conduct, convicts received a plot of land to resettle in New Caledonia, at the expense of the Melanesians. The anger of the dispossessed mounted, exploding in the Kanak revolt of 1878, led by the legendary chief Atai. Téremba came under siege, but was never taken. The centre was reinforced by the construction of a fort in the penal colony. This story is told in part by the permanent exhibition that is now installed inside the fort.

  • Fort Teremba in Moindou

    Rebirth of Fort Téremba

    The end of the sending of convicts plunged Téremba into oblivion.After several decades of disuse, Teremba would take on a new lease of life when it was restored thanks to the initiative of the local Marguerite association, leading it to be featured on the list of New Caledonia’s historic monuments in 1989. The old fort can now be seen exactly as it was. Start your walk outside to have a view of the buildings and understand the organization of the penitentiary. The reconstructed main building thus features a permanent exhibition of the fort’s history. Reconstructed prison cells offer a very convincing illustration of scenes of the way life once was there. Lastly, the watchtower and perimeter wall, which can be explored on foot, have also undergone meticulous restoration. Having become a key focus of the region’s penitentiary and military heritage, Fort Teremba now welcomes a great many tourists each year, not to mention the thousands of school children invited to discover a piece of local history.

  • Fort Teremba in Moindou

    A light and sound show full of color!

    Since 1987, every November, the fort has hosted a light and sound show recreating scenes from its heyday. A great many spectators crowd around the fort to watch the show involving more than 150 volunteers. Over the course of a two-hour show, major events and small details from Caledonian history are thus portrayed: the penal colony, the 1878 insurrection, the daily life of the settlers, the work of the stockmen (local cowboys!) or the American presence during the Second World War.
    To conclude the show, Fort Teremba is illuminated by the most stunning twenty-minute pyrotechnic show organized in New Caledonia each year!

  • Fort Teremba in Moindou

    Around Fort Téremba

    • Ryawa palm tree farm
    • Sodacal Aquaculture farm
    • Méaoué nursery
    • Kabyle cemetery
    • New Zealand military cemetery

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